Updated on 23.05.2018, 20:41 (AST)

U.S. special envoy for Afghanistan and Pakistan, MARC GROSSMAN:
"U.S. TO REVIEW LIST OF STATE SPONSORS OF TERRORISM"


As part of ongoing consultations with Afghanistan's neighbors and international partners U.S. special envoy for Afghanistan and Pakistan Marc Grossman while in Astana met with Kazakh Foreign Minister Yerzhan Kazykhanov and Prime Minister Karim Masimov. He agreed to discuss the issues that topped the agenda of his talks in an interview with Interfax-Kazakhstan.

- The Kazakh parliament has been putting the issue of sending the Kazakh troops to NATO coalition's headquarters in Kabul on the back burner. Some political experts assume that the bill will be rejected by the parliament altogether. What is the most likely response of the U.S. Government if it happens?

- It's worth stepping back for a moment looking at all of the things that Kazakhstan does to support Afghanistan. When you think of the number of students from Afghanistan here in Kazakhstan and the way Kazakhstan supports Afghanistan that's a very important effort. The other kind of assistance, for example, Kazakhstan is also providing a huge amount of diesel and petrol to Afghanistan and also participating in the Northern Distribution Network (transit of cargoes from Afghanistan via Kazakhstan - "IF-Kazakhstan.").

As to the specific question of the status of the law in parliament, the issue is up to Kazakhstan. The Kazakhstan parliament will make its own decision and that's the right of Kazakhstan. We very much appreciate the effort that is being made to support Afghanistan and we'd look forward to continuing. I would not like to make any assumptions until the Kazakhstan parliament acts. Given all of the things that Kazakhstan and the United Stated are doing together in Afghanistan, this is something for Kazakhstan to decide and then we will move on.

- When will Kazakhstan be removed from the U.S. State Department list of state sponsors of terrorism?

- All I can say is that the list will be reviewed.

- The U.S. embassy soon after the list had been published, said that the U.S. did not see Kazakhstan as the country condoning terrorism. Doesn't it seem a little inconsistent?

- Both the Prime Minister and the Foreign Minister made their views clear to me today. And that's their responsibility and I understand that. I certainly recognize the reaction here in Kazakhstan, which is why I support the statement that was issued by the Unites States embassy.

 

Note:
As reported, the Kazakh Foreign Ministry expressed bewilderment over the decision by the United States Department of Homeland Security to put Kazakhstan on the list of countries that have shown a tendency to promote, produce or protect terrorist organizations or their members. Later the U.S. embassy circulated a statement to deny that the U.S. Government considers that Kazakhstan in any way supports terrorism.

 

Nothing about that list says that Kazakhstan is a supporter of terrorism or harbors terrorism. The list is about individuals and not about countries.

The operational outcome of the document is that it does not affect people getting visas, does not affect people traveling to the United States.

- According to official statements, a reverse cargo transit across Kazakhstan and Russia is thought necessary to facilitate NATO withdrawal from Afghanistan by 2014. Is the U.S involved in any talks to settle this issue?

- We have made our view known that we would like to do that reverse non-lethal transit from Afghanistan. And now we are waiting for the Kazakh government to give us some advice on that.

- Since April this year, the international agreement on the air transit of cargo and personnel to Afghanistan has been in effect between Kazakhstan and the US. Do you think this agreement is effective? How much cargo has been already hauled and how much was paid to Kazakhstan for transit?

- Out transit agreement is working extremely well and we are proud of the work that Kazakhstan and the United States do together on that particular agreement. I don't have such numbers at my disposal right now. We will see if we can get the information in due time.

- Can you confirm the information that the U.S. has established a direct contact with the Taliban? Has the U.S. considered a possibility of engaging the Taliban in the government of Afghanistan to restore stability in the country?

- The question is really to the Taliban. As to whether they are prepared to meet these conditions for reconciliation. And nobody I know is talking to them of being in the leadership positions in Afghanistan.

The Taliban has a very important choice to make: they can keep fighting and be defeated militarily or they can work with the government of Afghanistan and Afghan society to pursue this reconciliation track.

As the secretary Clinton has said we have tried to use a broad range of contacts in the region including a preliminary contact with the Taliban. And our message to the Taliban is: if they wish to be part of the reconciliation process, they need to break their ties with Al-Qaeda, to lay down their weapons and also to promise and commit to live in accordance with the Constitution of Afghanistan, particularly with the guarantees of the rights of women.

 

Note:
In June Afghan President Hamid Karzai said that the United States and other foreign powers were engaged in preliminary talks with the Taliban about a possible peaceful settlement to the conflict in Afghanistan. Later the British Foreign Secretary William Hague confirmed that Britain participated in peace talks with the Taliban. In response the Taliban released a statement to deny holding talks with the US or other countries.

 

It's very important to recognize that it is the desire of the Unites States to support an Afghan-led reconciliation process. Reconciliation with Afghan society is the way to end 30 years of conflict in Afghanistan. Everything we are doing supports the Afghan reconciliation process.

- Thank you for this interview!

August, 2011
й 2011 Interfax-Kazakhstan news agency
References are obligatory



August, 2011
© 2018 Interfax-Kazakhstan news agency
Copying and use of these materials without reference to the source is prohibited


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